Joseph Mansfield’s Inspection Report of Fort Tejon
Los Angeles, California
5 March 1859
Bvt. Major Irwin W. McDowell,
Asst. Adjt. Genl. – Head Quarters Army
On the 18th February ulto., I left San Francisco, in the Overland mail coach, for Fort Tejon, and reached there at daybreak of the 21st ulto. , and have now the honor to report to the General – in –Chief the result of my inspection of that post as follows.
Fort Tejon, from 21 Feb. to 3rd March: The establishment of a Military post at the Tejon reservation, so-called, was designated in 1854, at the time I made an inspection of this Department; and General Wool, then in command of the Department, desired me in connection with the Indian agent at that time E.F. Beale, an Assistant Quarter Master Captain Gordon, to select a suitable site for the same and we fixed on a site some 20 miles from this post, in the Valley near the Indian reservation; which was deemed a strategic, as well as a pleasant, and comfortable, and suitable, place. At that time I could see no valid objection to it, and I have since my arrival at Tejon, visited again, and am of the same opinion still, and I believe it a much more suitable position than the present site. The road through the canyon is better and nearer to Los Angeles. Why it was not adopted as originally selected, I cannot say.
This post is situated in the Paso de Las Uvas, in latitude 34 -54’-40” and longitude 118-54’-01”, about six miles from the outlet into the Tulare or San Joaquin Valley, and about 2500 feet in vertical altitude above that Valley; and in consequence, is a cold, and damp, and unpleasant climate through the whole fall, winter and spring; and on the 1st and 2nd of this month, the ground was white with snow and ice, while in the reservation, the peach trees are in bloom and peas up.
There is no garden here, and no grazing of consequence for animals short of five miles. There is, however, a good spring of water, and abundant oak for fuel. It is particularly exposed to earthquakes , and every building is cracked by them; and on one occasion the gabled ends of two buildings were thrown down by earthquakes: in a few miles off, I saw an immense crack and crevice in the earth extending for many miles, caused recently by them. Since the 1st November 1856 to the close of January 1st there have been many shocks. In November 1856 three, – in 1857 there were in January three severe shocks on the 8th, 20th, and 29th and many light every day from the 9th to the close of the month. – February many shocks through the month, the hardest on the 10th, 11th and 28th. – March 27 shocks and one very severe on the 3rd. – April 22 shocks and one very severe on the 23rd. – May 7th shocks very severe on the 15th, 19th, 20th and 26th. – June 11 shocks, one very severe on the 12th, and severe on the 2nd, 10th and 11th – July 18 shocks eight very severe. – August 12 shocks, two very severe on the 9th and 20th, two severe and eight slight. – September1 heavy on the 22nd and slight. – September 1 heavy on the 22nd and 5 slight. – October 6 shocks, two of them heavy. – November 11 shocks, two heavy on the 20th and 30th and nine light. – December 5 shocks, one heavy on the 12th, and one extremely heavy on the 23rd. In 1858, there were in January, three shocks, one severe on the 17th and slight on the 21st and 26th. – February 2 shocks, one heavy on the 2nd and one slight on the 8th. – March 4 shocks, one heavy, on the 29th , and two slight on the 27th, and one on the 28th. – April 3 shocks, two heavy on the 3rd and six and one slight on the 5th. – May 3 shocks, one heavy, on the 19th, and two slight on the 20th and 27th and one on the 2nd. – June 2 shocks, one extremely heavy on the 15th, and one slight on the 14th. – July 2 shocks, one very heavy on the 21st. – August 3 shocks, two heavy on the 13th and one slight on the 8th. – September 4 shocks. – October 1 on the 6th. – November none. – December 1 tremendous one on the 19t. In 1859 in January one shock on the 22nd. – February, one shock on the 12th. Thus showing the earthquakes to be continuous. One person has been killed by the fall of an adobe building, and a cow has been swallowed up.
Th order e post is 374 miles from San Francisco, and 100 miles from Los Angeles, and all of its supplies are received through that place having first been landed at San Pedro, and transported 25 miles by land. Thus 382 miles from Fort Yuma via Los Angeles, Temecula and Cariso Creek.
I think its site is unfortunately selected. It should have been either north of this Canon de Las Uvas. Yet it has ample drill grounds, and there has been much expenditure here in the construction of quarters that it seems now too late to change the location.
Quarters of the Troops &c
The plan hereunto appended, shows 5 buildings for offices; two for soldiers of the two Companies; one for Adjutant’s Office and Band; one for Hospital and Commissary; two for Quartermaster’s Offices, stores, and workshops; and two supernumary buildings unfinished, all of adobe and shingled and ample. In addition, two wooden buildings for guard and prison; four for stables, granary &c and a suttler store. There seems to be no necessity for any more buildings for the present. If new stables be built on the spot indicated they should be frame buildings.
1st Regt. Dragoons and Command.
This is the headquarters of the 1sr Dragoons, and the regiment as well as the post, inas been since the 21st of January, under the command of Lt. Col. B. L. Beall, who was absent temporarily at Los Angeles on my arrival in the morning of the 21st ulto. And did not return until the evening of the 23d. 1st Liet C. W. Ogle is adjutant of the regiment, as 1st Lieut. M.B. Davidson the Regimental Quaretrmaster, as well as Quartermaster and Commissary of the Post. Thw Sergeant Major of the Regiment is absent on furlough since 1st Dec. 1858. The Regimental Band is made up of 10 musicians of which one was in confinement, on on furlough and 3 sich.
Col. T.T. Fauntleroy absent on sick lave since the 21st October 1857, and extended to 1st May, next. Major Steen absent sick since the 17th May 1858. Major G.A. H. Blake on leave since the 17 January 1859 for 60 days. Capt. L, B. Northrup absent from the Regiment sick since 6th October 1839, over 19 years, and as I understand practicing physic in Charleston, S. Ca. and I wish to call attention of the General-in-Chief particularly to this matter: it is an injustice to the Army however pleasant it may be to Capt. Norhrop. There is provision made for the discharge, an pension to disabled soldiers; and a like provision should be made for a disabled officer. 2d Lieut G. F. Evans has been sick since the 30th October 1850, over eight years. Capt. T. W. Whittlesey absent sick since 21st August 1856,over 2 ½ years. – A retired list is indispensible, in order that there may be efficiency in the service, and those who perform the duty have the benefit of protection,
The Sergeant Major is the Clerk in the Adjutant’s Office, and the Regimental Books are neatly and well kept; and he is an efficient officer. Lieut Ogle is the recruiting officer, and has on hand 73 dolls on this account. He is also the Treasurer of the Regiment and has in his hands a Regimental fund of 353.97 dolls. The Regiment has also quite a Library of Books boxed up, not yet opened. The Companies of the Regiment are distributed as follows: K & B at this post; A & F at Fort Crook; C.E.I. H at Walla Walla; and D & G at Fort Buchanan. Lieut Col B. L. Beall altho’ in command of this Regt. and of this post, likewise has not recovered fromhis hurts, and is not in my opinion able to take the field, but can command here, at headquarters of the Regiment.
Strength of Command
In addition to the foregoing officers there are here on duty, Assist Surgeon P.G..S. TenBroeck since the 2d of January 1855, and he has been in the department since May 1854; and is an efficient officer, but has had the misfortune since my arrival here to dislocate his right shoulder by turning over his carriage down a precipice of the Canon. An ordnance sergeant who has been absent since the 24 January 1859.
The post ordnance was in a state of good preservation. It is mostly stored on the left over the Company store[room?]. There were two 12 lb mountain howitzers in serviceable order, with 17 fixed shells, 24 spherical case, 136 blank cartridges, 600 friction matches and 11 slow matches therefore. Also 3000 blank revolver and 4000 blank musket cartridges; 4400 Musketoon and 2000 rifle and 15000 Sharps carbine and 3000 horse pistol and 1500 revolver ball cartridges. 26500 Sharps primers.
Capt. and Bvt. Major J. H. Carleton, Company K, 1st Dragoons, stationed here since 7 July 1858; 1st Lieut D. H. Hastings absent on sick leave at Carlisle, Penn, since the 12rh April last; 2d Liet A. B. Chapman on detached service to Los Angeles since the 16th February, and returned to the post again on the 28th. A vacancy has occurred which will promote Lieut Chapman out of this company, and then it will be without a Lieutenant, as there is no prospect of Lieut Hastings return to the Company, a brevet 2d Lieut. should be attached to this Company, without delay, in order that 3 0officers to meet the demands of the service against Indians on the Mohave, and elsewhere. When I inspected this Company at Fort Union in 1q853, it was, as it will be soon, without subalterns; 4 sergeants, 2 corporals, 2 musicians, 1 farrier and 46 privates, of which 1 sick, 5 confined, 20 on extra duty. 52 horses.
This company is armed with the sabre, Sharps carbine, Colts belt pistol. In was in uniform except the cap of the old pattern, and was neat on inspection, and the arms in order, and the men appeared well. There was a deficiency of clothing of all kinds at the post; they were in want of drawers, socks, boots, shoes, caps, stable frocks, and the blue blouse. The horses were tolerable, and the horse equipments, generally worn out. There was a deficiency of horse shoes, except a few at the post of a large size suitable for Pennsylvania wagon horses. The Company is well quartered in a good adoby building shingled, with a good mess room. It had a library, and a very excellent set of mess furniture of Britannia ware; and a large company fund of 1177.79 doll. in cash. The Company ordnance and property is in a good state of preservation. Pertaining to this company are 85 Sharps carbines, 60 Colts belt pistols, 85 sabres, 5900 Sharps ball cartridges, 2400 Colts pistol ball cartridges, 2206 large caps, 1470 small caps, 4500 Sharps caps . It had no valises, and but 12 serviceable canteens. The books are properly kept, and written up. There were 6 desertions in 1856—6 in 1857—16 in 1858. One laundress. It has an excellent orderly sergeant, and is in good discipline, was were commanded by Major Carleton, who has done much, and has a large amount of useful property for the men. At the time he took the Company of Col. Cooke in 1848, there was no Company fund, and now is probably the richest in the service. The Company bake their own bread, and as there is no garden here, consume all the flour.
I condemned to be dropped of this Company a large number of saddles, bridles, halters, camp equipage, . Those that might be of service in the Quartermasters Department I ordered turn in , without receipt therefore.
Company B, 1st Dragoons, Capt. J.W. Davidson stationed here since July 1858; no 1st Lieutenant; 2d Lieut G. Davis.—4 serhgeants, 4 corporals, no musicians, 1 farrier, 48 privates of which 3 sick, 7 confined, 16 in extraa duty. –57 horses.
This Company is armed with the [M1833] sabre, Sharps carbine, Colts belt pistol. It was in uniform except for the cap of the old pattern. No sword knots—was neat on inspection, and appeared with arms in order. There was a deficiency of clothing of all kinds as stated for Company K—some had no stocks on. The Company is quartered in a good adoby building, shingled; but the mess, room and kitchen, not yet worked in; yet designed to match that of Company K; and a temporary one in use. There were no bunks yet made.
The Company ordnance and property were stored. At date there was no long forage on hand, and for the last 7 months they have had but half long forage; and the horses are daily herded on the scanty grass in the neighborhood within 8 miles. Pertaining to this there were 61 Sharps carbines, 1 Rifle, 57 Colts pistols, 85 sabres, 2570 Carbine ball cartridges, 3000 Sharps primers all serviceable.
I condemned to be turned in to the Arsenel at Benecia 6 Carbines and 2 Colts pistols and to be dropped a large number of saddles, bridles, valises , and such saddles and bridles as might be of service to the Quartermaster’s department; ordered to be turned in to that Department, without receipt therefrom.
Stables and Forage
The horses of both companies were kept in temporary stables as indicated on the plan of fort Tejon hereunto appended. At date there was no long forage on hand, and for the last 7 months they have had but half long forage; and the horses are daily herded on the scanty grass in the neighborhood within 8 miles. Barley is had in abundance. If this post had been placed as originally selected, the horses could graze the whole winter in the Tulare Valley. Attached to the stables is a small granary and saddle horses and a smith’s shop. New stables of adobies have been commenced near the soldiers’ quarters; but suspended in consequence of the discharge of the civilian employees. These stables should not be erected of adobes. They should be frame buildings to resist the shocks of earthquakes; otherwise the roof might fall in and kill the horses. [I shall?] notify the General Commanding this Department accordingly.
The guard here is six strong and one non-commissioned officer. One sentinel is placed at the stables, and one at the guard house, which is a small wooden building. There is also a small wooden building along side of it to match, for a prison house in which there are 3 cells. There were 10 prisoners—7 undergoing sentences—3 waiting sentence—one minor offence. A new guard house has been mostly built of abodies as indicated on the plan, but not quite finished. It is my judgment too far off, but the work on it has been suspended. The present guard house I think preferable of the two.
Adjutant’s Office, Post Records, Band
The adjutant’s office is a good adoby building, shingled, and the records neatly kept by the Sergeant Major under Lieut. Ogle, the Adjutant of the post. The Band is quartered in the same building with a suitable kitchen and “ room.” The instruments and ordnance of the Band is in good order and state of preservation. Pertaining to the Band there are 21 Sharps carbines, 16 musketoons, ten Colts pistols, 8 holster pistols, 17 artillery sabres.
Asst. Surgeon Ten Broeck is the post Treasurer and has in his hands 15.25 dolls.
Temporarily attached to this post private Egene Lohn waiting opportunity to join his company at Fort Buchanan and private John A. Fulmer waiting result of trial.
At the time of my arrival at this post Assist. Surgeon Ten Broeck was absent temporarily with Lt. Co. Beall in Los Angeles, since the 16th Feb, and returned on the evening of the 23rd, and I went thru the hospital a second time with him. There were but two sick in the hospital, one a recruit subject to fits and unable to do duty. There was a temporary Steward and one cook and attendant–A dispensary and a ward room, with several vacant rooms, and ample for the post.—No iron bedsteads—Supplies ample and nothing wanted—The records are well-kept—The building the north east and of a large aboby building shingled. The south west end being occupied by the Commissary. I regard this post as healthy.
1st Lieut. H. B. Davidson of the 1st Dragoons has been acting commissary of subsistence since the 1st January 1859. His supplies are received from San Francisco, and ample and good for six months on hand, and were stored in a good adoby building shingled. This office is in the same building, and the sergeant major of the Regiment is his acting clerk, and one extra duty man as butcher . His beef cattle are selected at 30 dolls. No head to weight less than 400 pounds, and he pays 6 dolls. the head for mutton. His accounts and records are all properly kept. He was absent in Los Angeles on duty on my arrival, but returned on the 24th Feb. His returns for January are all ready to be forwarded and his accounts show a balance due to the U.S. on the 30th Jan. of 977.18 dolls; and expended since 233.69 dolls. and due the U.S. at date 745.49 dolls., which is in cash. The duty appears to be well performed. I condemned small articles of property to be dropped.
1st Lieut. Davidson is also acting assistant quartermaster since the 1st January 1859. The supplies of the Department seem to be ample, except in the items of clothing, horseshoes, and long forage. Barley is had at 4-l/2 to 5 ½ the lb, and corn at 4 cents the lb. Hay at 40 dolls. the ton, when it is practicable to obtain it at all. Wood is cut by prisoners, and details, close at hand. The supplies generally come via Los Angeles. The sergeant major of the Regiment is his clerk, and 14 extra duty men at repairs.
One citizen putting up a power sawmill @ 100 dolls. and a ration, and one herder @ 60 dolls. and a ration. The saw mill has recently been brought down from the mountains, and is now being put up at the post, and the logs must be hauled to it, a good arrangement. He keeps 17 horses, 46 mules, 6 oxen, and has on his return 37 wagons, 2 ambulances, one mule cart. I condemned to be sold 16 irreparable wagons, and a large quantity of old harness tools that were worn out.
The monthly return for January has been forwarded. At the close of January there was due the U.S. 152.11 dolls. received since 10,000 dolls.; and expended since 1763.27 dolls.; leaving a balance due the U.S., on the 24th February, of 8389,34 dolls.; of which, there is the Department of Treasury at San Francisco 5859.13 dolls. , and 2530 dolls. in cash in a safe. The duties are well performed by Lieut. Davidson.
Payment of Troops
This post was last paid by Paymaster Ringgold to the 31st December 1858. They are generally paid from 2 to 4 months at a time. The paymaster has been here personally but 4 times in 2 years. The sutler sometimes pays for him. I regard this as a bad practice. Private Samuel S. Chaffee, a discharged soldier of K Company, has been waiting at San Bernanrdino for 6 months for his pay; and discharged soldiers have been payed off in San Francisco in consequence of no money here; all the result of public money for private purposes by a paymaster as I have never before reported.
Drills and Target Practice
On the 22d ulto Companies K & B were reviewed and inspected. After which they were resolved into a squadron. I put Maj. Carlegton in command, in the absence of Lt. Cio. Beall at Los Angeles; and the following named officers to wit, Capt. J. W. Davidson, 1st Lieut. C. U. Ogle, 2d Lieut. B.F. Davis, each in succession took the squadron through the various movements and the sabre exercise with the exception of the charge, which, with little practice they had it was deemed advisable not to attempt, and finally Major Carleton drilled the squadron as skirmishers both as mounted and dismounted. The squadron was broken up, and each company fired at the targets 6’ x 22” mounted, with Sharps carbine at 100 yards, and Company K made X 1/3 hits and Company B 8 1/9 hits. They then fired at the same target 20 yards with Colts pistols and mounted, and Company K made X ½ hits and Company B 8 1/3 hits, and the exercises of the day were quite interesting. On the 23rd both Companies fired at the same target with Sharps carbines, on foot, at 100 yards; Company K made X ½ hits; at 200 yards x ½ hits; with Colts pistols at 30 yds. 2 ½ hits. Company B at the same distances made X ½ and x ½ and x 1/3 hits. The men fired at will. The reason that Company K made only 12 hits at 200 yds. Was in consequence of some of the cartridges of that Company not being made with sufficient powder for Sharps rifles, and not cutting off [in the breech]; some of them hung fire. It appears that one box of cartridges, sent by Capt. Callender of Ordnance from Benecia for Sharps carbine were small at the sacrifice of in the use of fire arms, and, I shall write him accordingly to guard against experiments in an arm already for certain ranges.
On the whole the military exercises were conducted by Major Carleton, and indicate a better state of military instruction and target firing in our service can be had if the rank and fire are properly instructed. These Companies have been practicing at the targets prepatory to taking the field on the Mojave River, and Major Carleton on the day of my arrival, paid three premiums out of company fund for the 3 best shots.
Geo. Alexander is the sutler and is established as marked down on the plan of the post.
I visited the Agency on the reservation 20 miles from here, in the Tulare Valley, on the 28ulto and 1 March. There are about 1,000 Indians on the reserve, and about ten “Rancherias”. They have made some progress in civilization since I was here in 1854, but have lessoned in numbers. There are now many of them who live in permanent houses nof adobies, with chimineys;-plant a few acres of land—raise most kinds of vegetables—keep fowls, hogs, cattle, horse and will soon have peaches and other fruit. The wild grape grows abundantly.
The Agent, James Vineyard, was absent in Washington City. His wife and family were here, and I noticed some Indian squaws who used the needle and thread very well, and dressed as other women. There is no danger of these Indians making war on the white people, and I regard them as perfectly peaceable and well disposed. There are no wild Indians here.
I am Very Respectfully,
Your obt. St.
Jos. K. F. Mansfield
Col. And Inspector Gen’l
Fort Tejon Muster Roll complied by George Stammerjohan
Muster Roll for Headquarters, Non-Commissioned Staff and Band,
Regimental Headquarters, 28 February, 1859
Colonel Thomas F. Fauntleroy On leave for 6 Months
Lieut. Colonel Benjamin L. Beall Comdg. Regt. & Post, Fort Tejon
Major George A. H. Blake On Leave since January 17, 1859
Major Enoch Steen Absent sick since May 17, 1858
1st Lt. Charles H. Ogle Regt. Adjutant, Fort Tejon
1st Lt. Henry B. Davidson Regt. Quartermaster, Fort Tejon
Headquarters Non-Commissioned Staff Enlisted At:
Sergt. Major Damuel R. I Sturgeon May 25, 1855 Fort Reading, Ca. (re-enlistment)
Ordnance Sergt. Jone E. Kelly(a) May 31, 1856 Fort Orford (re-enlistment)
Regt. QM Sergt. William Duffy (a) December 1, 1858 Fort Tejon (re-enlistment)
Chief Bugler Carl Caib June 3, 1858 Nr. Los Angeles (re-enlisted)
Bergman, Jacob August 11, 1858 San Francisco
Burke, Patrick June 6, 1854 New York
Chatland, Edwin February 2, 1855 Baltimore
Clarke, Charles April 1856 Fort Union, N.M.
Ferrari, Giaciento October 12, 1856 Philadelphia
Roesch, William June 10, 1857 Fort Tejon
Stark, Dominick September 1, 1858 Fort Tejon
Sugden, Reuben October 1, 1858 Fort Tejon
Tierney, Edmund P. December 7, 1858 San Francisco
Oliver, Francis, Farrier Feb. 12 ’55 Ft. Filmore, N.M.
a. On furlough, each for six months.
Muster Roll for Company B
John W. Davidson, Captain, Commanding Company
Orren Chapman, 1st Lieut., Died at St.Louis 7 Jan. 1859
Benjamin F. Davis, 2d Lieut., with company for duty
The Company Enlisted: At:
1st Sgt. Nathanial J. Pishon August 13, ’56 Ft. Craig, N.M.
*Sgt. Minor C. Tuttle Aug. 26, ’56 Ft. Craig, N.M.
*Sgt. Jmes W. Strawbridge July 18, ’58 Ft. Tejon
Sgt. Joseph E. Smith Feb. 1, ’55 Cleveland, Oh.
Corp. Michael Wheatley May 4, ’55 New York City
*Corp. Frederick Fischer Aug. 20, ’57 Ft. Buchanan, NMT
Corp. James McGuire Apr. 12, ’54 New York City
Corp. John Yaiser Feb 15, ’56 Ft. Fillmore, NMT
Frances Oliver, Farrier Feb. 12, ’55 Ft. Fillmore, NMT
Allen, Robert B. Feb. 24, ’56 Ft. Filmore, N.M.
Arnold, John Sept.9, ’57 Baltimore
Barnard, William Nov. 16, ’57 Boston
Brunning, Heinrich May 23, ’54 New York City
Butler, James May 19, ’54 New York, City
Beecher, George D. Sept. 3, ’57 Harrisburg, Pa.
Betts, William June 1, ’54 New York City
**Buck, James Jan. 2, ’56 Ft. Fillmore, NM
Bresler, John Oct. 15, ’58 San Francisco
Cantrell, James Oct. 28, ’57 New York City
Carr, Joseph June 20, ’54 New York City
Carpenter, Asa Aug 29, ’57 Boston, Mass.
Connolly, Patrick June 21, ’54 New York
Coakley, Charles R. June 12 ’54 Baltimore
Cowan, William Dec. 20 ’54 Nashville, Tenn.
Culligan, Michael April 19, ’55 Ft. Fillmore, NM
Chariasis, Michael August 24, ’57 New York
Dean, James Oct. 26, ’57 New York
Dowd, John Aug. 26, ’55 Ft. Union, N.M.
Eldar, Adam Aug. 22, ’55 Ft. Fillmore, N.M.
Faber, Henry Apr. 17, ’54 New York
Forest, Joseph Y. Aug. 18, ’54 Ft. Union, N.M.
Fogerty, John March 23, ’55 Louisville, Ky.
Galleger, John Feb. 15, ’56 Ft. Fillmore, NM
*Hand, John Sept. 9, ’54 Ft Union, NM
Hade, Patrick Dec. 1 ’57 Ft. Buchanan, NM
Kriesalmayer, Henry Sept. 11 ’57 Philadelphia
*** Lohmeyer, Frederick Dec 5 ’55 Albuquerque, NM
* Maher, Edward Feb. 1, ’56 Ft. Thorn, NM
Miller, Henry May 20, ’54 New York City
Morrissey, John June 8, ’54 New York
* McCoy, Thomas July 15 ’58 Ft. Tejon
Moulton, Harrison Sept. 8 ’57 Philadelphia
****O’Meara, Edward Jan. 8 ’55 Ft. Fillmore, NM
Ott, Heinrich September 3, ’57 New York
Pryor, Robert March 9 ’54 New York
Phillip, George Sept. 11 ’58 San Francisco
Reynolds, William R. June 26, ’54 New York City
Ross, James Oct. 19, ’57 Boston
Swiss, Henry Feb. 23, ’53 St. Louis
Scherrer, John E. Sept. 27, ’53 New York
Scharf, Anton Mar. 16, ’53 Ft. Fillmore, NM
Schafle, Francis P. Nov. 6, ’58 San Francisco
Thomson, Theodore Sept 11, ’55 Ft. Stanton, NM
Tower, John S. Sept. 5, ’57 Boston
Trouton, William Aug. 24, ’57 Philadelphia
Taylor, James Jan. 25, ’59 Fort Tejon
West, John A. June 10, ’58 Baltimore
Washington, George H. April 21 ’58 San Francisco
*$2.00 additional each month for former service.
** $3.00 a month for 2d reenlistment
***German born Frederick Lohmeyer, enlisted, at age 24 years, in Company B at St Louis on April 19, 1847, discharged at Santa Fe on August 19, 1848.
****Edward O’Meara, former farrier of Co. F, who was court martialed for his participation in the 1855 riot in the Taos Plaza, see infra, was transferred to Co. B. Pvt. O’Meara was confined in the post jail at the time of this muster along with privates Beecher, Forest, Morrisey, Pryor and Washington.
Pvt. Miller – absent, sick Ft. Fillmore, since Oct. 16, ’55.
Pvts. Faber and Phillip, sick in post hospital.
James H. Carleton. Captain and Brevet Major, Comanding Company
David H. Hastings, 1st Lieut., Leave of Absence
Alfred B. Chapman, 2d Lieut.; Returned from detached duty of February 28, 1859, present for duty.
The Company: Enlisted: At:
*William McCleave, 1st Sgt. 1 Oct ’55 Albuquerque, NM
*Sgt. Emil Fritz 1 Jan. ’56 Albuquerque, NM
*Sgt. Gustav Brown 1 Dec. ’57 Ft. Buchanan, NM
Sgt. Thomas Yearwood 1 Apr. ’57 Calabaza, NM
Frederick Morris, Corp. 2 Sept. ’57 Ft. Buchanan, NM
Andrew J. Landers, Corp. 5 Feb. ’55 Knoxville, Tenn.
* Joseph Meyer, Bugler 12 Feb. ’56 Ft. Buchanan, NM
John W. Harris, Bugler 11 Dec. ’56 Albany, NY
*William Seyring, Farrier 1 Aug ’55 Albuquerque, NM
Batty, James @ 18 Sept. ’55 Albuquerque, NM
Buell, Sylvester 5 Sept. ’57 Boston
Brannan, Michael 7 Feb. ’55 Jefferson Battacks, Mo.
Cannon, Mchael 7 Sept. ’57 New York
Crowley, Timothy 15 Feb. ’55 Albuquerque, NM
Caskey, Samuel 21 Oct. ’55 Albuquerque, NM
Creevy, William 8 Oct. ’56 Albuquerque, NM
Costellow, Thomas 15 Mar. ’55 Albuquerque, NM
Corringham, Thomas 2 Feb. ’55 Cleveland
Ennis, Thomas 14 Jan. ’55 Cincinnati
**Fitzsimmons, Thomas 23 Nov. ’55 Albuquerque, NM
Fitzpatrick, John 3 Sept. ’55 Albuquerque, NM
Friedberg, Francis 3 Aug. ’57 Boston
**Gray, William 1 July ’57 Ft. Buchanan, NM
Glendmeyer, Frederick 10 October ’57 Baltimore
Henn, Andrew 20 March ’57 Calabasas, N.M.
Hurley, Morris 8 Sept. ’57 Boston
Herring, Robert B. 20 Oct. ’57 New York
*Johnson, Adam 27 Dec. ’55 Albuquerque, NM
Jones, Robert H. 7 Feb. ’55 Knoxville, Tenn.
Louish, James 17 Jan. ’56 New York
*Maroon, Harvey 21 Sept. ’57 Ft. Buchanan, NM
* Mahan, Thomas 28 Jan, ’56 Albuquerque, NM
McNeal, Erastus 20 Jan. ’55 Columbus, Ohio
McDonald, John 18 Aug. ’57 Boston
Moore, Michael 16 Nov. ’57 Philadephia
Moody, Thomas 20 Nov. ’57 New York
Murphy, Hugh 4 Nov. ’57 New York
Mullins, James 3 Nov. ’57 Boston
Miller, Ebenezar 7 Sept. ’57 New York
*O’Carroll, John A. 27 May ’58 Ft. Yuma (Calif.)
Ogilivie, Henry 9 Sept. ’57 New York
Papp, Frederick 9 Nov. ’57 Richmond, Va.
*Quatman, Herman 15 Nov. ’55 Albuquerque, NM
Reinhart, Antony 26 Aug, ’57 New York
Richey, Hamilton 26 Oct. ’57 Philadelphia
Smythe, Henry 17 Aug. ’57 New Yrok
Smith, Abraham B, 26 Oct. ’56 San Francisco
Schaupp, Charles 11 Nov. ’57 New York
Tynon, Michael 8 Feb. ’55 St. Louis
Terrell, Rufus H. 1 Sept. ’57 Philadelphia
Taylor, Daniel 8 Oct. ’57 New York
Thompson, James 10 Oct. ’57 New York
Tooney, Peter 15 Oct. ’58 San Francisco
Van Riper, Cornelius 15 Feb. ’59 Ft. Tejon
Zabel, Gustavus 1 Aug ’55 Albuquerque
* $2.00 a month as former service.
Deserted: Henry Tolman, enlisted 29 Oct. ’59 in Boston.
Confined in post jail: Buell, Johnson, Smythe, and Taylor.
Private John A. Fulton (aka Jacob Fulmer), was dropped from regimental rolls on 20 February 1859, as a deserter from Company H, 1st US Cavalry, Kansas Territory and dismissed from the service on 25 February 1859.